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Essential Oil Profiles N - R


Neroli. (Citrus Aurantium.)

13% esters

29% Monoterpenes

Up to 40% Alcohols.

Psychological Scale; uplifting, balancing and soothing.

Physiological Scale; regulating, sedative.

Neroli’s key qualities are; aphrodisiac, antidepressant, hypnotic, uplifting, sedative, restorative, soothing and tonic.

Medicinal Uses-

Skin care-Ageing Skin, Broken capillaries, Scars, Stretchmarks, Thread Veins, Toning to the Skin, Sensitive Skin, Wrinkles

Hair care- Dry and Damaged Hair

Circulatory System- Heart Palpitations, Poor Circulation

Digestive System- Chronic Diarrhoea, Colic, Flatulence, Intestinal Spasms, Nervous Dyspepsia

Reproductive System- PMS

Nervous system- Anxiety, Depression, Insomnia, Nervous tension, Shock, Stress related conditions, Emotional problems


 Neroli blends well with most oils, particularly jasmine, orange, lemon, lime, petitgrain, bergamot, mandarin, coriander, grapefruit, lemongrass, Melissa, angelica root , lavender, palma rosa, rosewood, chamomile, patchouli, clary sage, rosemary, frankincense, ylang ylang, ginger, cedarwood, juniper, geranium, and rose



Nutmeg (Myristica fragrans)

Main constituents

Alcohols; borneol, geraniol, linalol, terpineol

Phenols; eugenol, myristicin, safrol

Terpenes; camphene, dipentene, pinene

Medicinal Uses-

Circulatory System- Poor circulation

Muscles and Joints- Arthritis, Gout, Muscular Aches, Rheumatism, Rheumatoid Neuralgia

Digestive System- Abdominal Distension, Diarrhoea, Flatulence, Gastralgia, Indigestion, Loss of Appetite, Nausea, Slow Digestion,

Immune System- Bacterial Infections

Nervous system- Debility, Fatigue, Frigidity, Impotence, Migraines, Neuralgia, Nervous Fatigue


Orange. ( Citrus sinesis/aurantium.)

3% Esters

Up to 39% Aldehydes

5% ketones

Up to 95% Monoterpenes

Up to 15% Alcohols

Psychological Scale; balancing, soothing and uplifting

Physiological Scale; stimulating and regulating.


Orange’s key qualities are; tonic to the nervous system, comforting, refreshing, sedative, soothing, warming and uplifting.

Medicinal Uses-

Skin care- Dull and oily skins, Premature Ageing

Oral care- Mouth Ulcers

Circulatory system- Palpitations, Water Retention

Respiratory system- Bronchitis, Chills, Colds, Influenza

Digestive system- Constipation, Diarrhoea, Dyspepsia, Flatulence, Spasms, Tonic to the Digestive System

Immune system- Fevers, Immune Deficiency

Nervous system- Anxiety, Insomnia, Lethargy, Nervous tension, Post-Natal Depression, Stress


Orange blends well with; rose, bergamot, coriander, grapefruit, lavender, lemongrass, lime, petitgrain, neroli, mandarin, Melissa, cinnamon, angelica root, lemon, clove, neroli, myrrh, cedarwood, patchouli, frankincense, black pepper, jasmine, clary sage, juniper, geranium, ginger, rosewood, palma rosa, cypress and sandalwood



Patchouli (Pogostemon patchouli)

Main constituents

Alcohol; patchoulol

Aldehydes; benzoic, cinnamic

Phenol; eugenol

Sequisterpenes; cadinene, patchoulene

Medicinal Uses-

Skin care- Acne, Cracked and Chapped Skin, Dermatitis, Enlarged Pores, Fungal Infections, Impetigo, Sagging Skin, Sores, Tinea, Oily Skin, Wounds, Wrinkles

Hair care- Dandruff, Oily Hair

Circulatory System- Fluid Retention

Digestive system- Diarrhoea, Constipation

Nervous system- Anxiety, Apathy, Depression, Frigidity, Impotence, Nervous Exhaustion, Stress,


Patchouli blends well with; vetiver, valerian, clary sage, angelica root, sandalwood, frankincense, cedar wood, lemongrass, myrrh, geranium, clove, bergamot, neroli, lavender, ylang ylang, jasmine, orange, ginger, rosewood, pine, palma rosa, peppermint and rose



Palma Rosa. (Cymbopogon martini var.martinii.)

10% Esters

2% Sequisterpenes

83% Alcohols

Psychological Scale; uplifting and balancing.

Physiological Scale; stimulating.

Palma Rosa’s main key qualities are; refreshing, comforting and balancing. Palma Rosa acts on the nervous system to treat nervous exhaustion and stress related conditions.

Palma rosa blends well with; ylang ylang, cedarwood, lavender jasmine, geranium, rose, rosewood, cypress, sandalwood, cedarwood, orange, lemon, petitgrain, lemongrass, lime, neroli, mandarin, grapefruit, chamomile, basil, coriander, patchouli, bergamot and fennel.





Medicinal Uses-

Eye care- Conjunctivitis

Oral care- Bad Breath

Skin care- Freckles, Hives

Circulatory system- Anaemia, Accumulation of Toxins, Broken Blood Vessels, Cellulite, Haemorrhoids, High Blood Pressure, Oedema

Muscles and Joints- Arthritis, Gout, Rheumatism, Sciatica, Toning to the Muscles

Digestive System- Colic, Constipation, Flatulence, Indigestion,

Reproductive System- Amenorrhea, Dysmenorrhea, Labour Aid, Engorged Breasts

Urinary System- Cystitis, Urinary Tract Infections, Kidney Stones

Immune system- Allergies and Hay Fever, Fevers



Peppermint. ( Mentha x Piperita.)

  • Avoid use during pregnancy or whilst breastfeeding.
  • Do not use when taking homeopathic remedies.

Up to 40% Ketones

6% Monoterpenes

Up to 48% Alcohols

Psychological Scale; uplifting

Physiological Scale; stimulating and regulating


Medicinal Uses-

Skin care; Acne, Blackheads, Dermatitis, Insect Repellent, Ringworm, Scabies, Shingles

Dental care; Halitosis, Toothache

Circulatory system; Low Blood Pressure, Palpitations, Neuralgia, Paralysis

Respiratory system; Asthma, Bronchitis, Sinusitis,

Muscles and Joints; Aching Feet, Muscular Pain

Digestive system; Colic, Constipation, Cramps, Diarrhoea, Dyspepsia, Flatulence, Food Poisoning, Indigestion, Morning Sickness, Nausea, IBS, Oxyures, Sluggish Digestion, Travel Sickness,

Reproductive & Genito-urinary Systems; Amenorrhea (small doses), Cystitis, Uterine Tonic

Immune system; Colds, Convalescence, Influenza, Fevers

Nervous system; Fainting, Headaches and Migraines, Lethargy, Mental

Fatigue, Nervous Stress, Nerve Tonic, Vertigo


Peppermint blends well with; rosemary, bergamot, lavender, eucalyptus, lemon, marjoram, cedarwood, rose, sandalwood, geranium, thyme and patchouli.


Petitgrain. (Citrus aurantium var.amara.)

75% Esters

Up to 40% Alcohols

Psychological Scale; uplifting, balancing and soothing.

Physiological Scale; regulating and sedative.

Petitgrain’s key qualities are; calming and refreshing. Petitgrain works on the nervous system to treat; convalescence, stress related conditions, insomnia and nervous exhaustion.


Petitgrain blends well with; rosemary, valerian, angelica root, clove, lavender, palma rosa, geranium, jasmine, clary sage, neroli, orange, lemon, lime, lemongrass, eucalyptus, melissa, sandalwood, juniper, rosewood, basil, bergamot, cypress and ylang ylang


Pine-Scotch. (Pinus sylvestris.)

27% Esters

2% Sequisterpenes

Up to 61% Monoterpenes

3% Alcohols

Psychological Scale; uplifting, balancing and soothing.

Physiological Scale; stimulating.

Pine’s key qualities are; strengthening, mentally soothing, stimulant to the nervous system, reviving, restorative, cleansing, and refreshing.

Medicinal Uses-

Skin care- Cuts, Lice, Excessive Perspiration, Insect Repellent, Scabies, Sores

Circulatory system- Neuralgia, Poor Circulation

Muscles & Joints- Arthritis, Gout, Muscular Aches and Pains, Rheumatism

Digestive system- Colic, Stomach Cramps

Respiratory system- Asthma, Bronchitis, Catarrh, Chest Infections, Colds, Coughs, Influenza, Pneumonia, Sinusitis, Sore Throat

Urinary system- Cystitis, Prostatitis, Urinary Infections

Nervous system- Fatigue, Nervous Exhaustion, Stress


Pine blends well with; valerian, cedarwood, marjoram, rosemary, eucalyptus, tea tree, sage, juniper, coriander, lavender, lemon, cypress, frankincense, patchouli, clary sage, bergamot, thyme and ylang ylang.


Rose (Rosa centifolia/R.gallica/R.damascena)

  • Avoid during the first 4 months of pregnancy

Up to 38% Aldehydes

Up to 93% Alcohols

3% Phenols

Psychological Scale; balancing and soothing

Physiological Scale; regulating and sedating

Rose is known as the ‘Queen of all Flowers’, and also as the ‘Queen of Hearts.’ Rose’s key qualities are; aphrodisiac, sedative, soothing, anti-depressant, uplifting, comforting and regulating.

Medicinal Uses-

Skin care- Calluses, Cell Degeneration, Dermatitis, Dry skin, Eczema, Herpes, Inflammation, Mature Skin, Sagging Skin, Sensitive Skin, Thread Veins, and Wrinkles

Circulatory system-  High Blood Pressure, Palpitations, Poor Circulation, Toxic Build Up

Respiratory system-Asthma, Coughs, Hay Fever, Sore Throat

Digestive system- Cholecystitis, Diarrhoea, Liver Congestion, Nausea

Reproductive system- Irregular & Scanty Menstrual Cycles, Hormonal Imbalances, Infertility, Leukorrhea, Menorrhagia, Pre-Menstrual Tension, Uterine Disorders

Nervous system-  Agitation, Depression, Impotence, Insomnia, Frigidity, Headache, Irritability, Low Vitality, Nervous Tension, Restlessness, Stress


Rose blends well with; jasmine, orange, neroli, geranium, lemon, ylang ylang, bergamot, frankincense, chamomile, lavender, clary sage, patchouli, sandalwood, clove, vetiver, cardamom and palma rosa


Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis.)

  • Do not use if pregnant or if suffering from epilepsy, asthma or high blood pressure.

13% Ketones

69% Monoterpenes.

Psychological Scale; uplifting

Physiological Scale; stimulating

Rosemary’s key qualities are; stimulant to the mental and nervous systems, refreshing, tonic to the nervous system, analgesic, strengthening, restorative, purifying, reviving, and protective. 


Medicinal Uses-

Skin care- Acne, Burns, Dermatitis, Eczema, Lice, Oily Skin, Perspiration, Scabies, Wounds

Oral care- Toothache

Hair care- Alopecia, Dandruff, Dry/damaged hair, Greasy hair, Head Lice

Circulatory system- Arteriosclerosis, Dizzy Spells, Fainting spells, Fluid Retention, Hypotension, Lymphatism, Palpitations, Poor Circulation, Varicose Veins

Muscles and Joints-  Arthritis, Gout, Lower Back Pain, Muscular Pain, Neuralgia, Rheumatism

Respiratory system- Asthma, Bronchitis, Ear, Nose & Throat Infections, Sinusitis, Whooping Cough

Digestive system- Colitis, Diarrhoea, Dyspepsia, Flatulence, Hepatic Disorders, Indigestion, Jaundice, Liver & Gall Bladder Ailments, Slow Digestion

Reproductive system- Dysmenorrhea, Leukorrhea

Immune system- Colds, Fevers, Influenza, Infections, Convalescence

Nervous system-  Debility, Depression, Headaches & Migraines, Hypotension, Lethargy, Mental fatigue, Nervous Exhaustion, Poor Memory, Stress, Tension,


Rosemary blends well with; frankincense, valerian, grapefruit, petitgrain, lavender, lemongrass, basil, cedarwood, thyme, peppermint, lemon, lime, eucalyptus, neroli, petitgrain, bergamot, clove, black pepper, juniper, marjoram, pine and sandalwood


Rosewood-Bois de Rose. (Aniba Rosaeodora.)

70% Alcohols

Psychological Scale; uplifting & balancing

Physiological Scale; stimulating.

The key qualities of Rosewood are; warming, comforting and pleasing. A neutral oil. Rosewood works on the nervous system to treat; frigidity, stress related conditions, headaches, nervous tension and nausea


Rosewood blends well with; lemon, lime, orange, lavender, petitgrain, neroli, ylang ylang, jasmine, sandalwood, cedarwood, vetiver, geranium, ginger, basil, bergamot, palma rosa and patchouli



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This site is run and maintained by Kylie Thompson 2005
Last updated- 20 September 2007