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Essential Oil Profiles A-C

Essential Oils A-C

Angelica Root (Angelica archangelica)

  • Phototoxic. Do not use during pregnancy. Do not use if diabetic. Do not use on children.

Up to 15% esters

Up to 34% Sequisterpenes

14% Oxides

Up to 80% Monoterpenes

Up to 19% Alcohols

Psychological Scale; uplifting, balancing and soothing

Physiological Scale; stimulating


Angelica root’s key qualities are; restorative, aphrodisiac, revitalizing, grounding, tonic, purifying, stimulant in small doses, warming and comforting.

Medicinal Uses-

Skin Care- Irritation, Congestion, Psoriasis

Circulation- Ridding the body of toxic accumulation, water retention

 Muscles and Joints- Arthritis, Gout, Rheumatism

Respiratory System- Coughs, Colds, Bronchitis

Digestive System- Flatulence, Indigestion

Nervous System- Headaches and Migraines, Nervous Tension and Stress-Related Disorders, Fatigue

Angelica root oil blends well with; patchouli, clary sage, sandalwood, vetiver, cedarwood, frankincense, neroli, orange, petitgrain, lemongrass, lime, lemon, bergamot, mandarin and grapefruit.


Bay Laurel

Medicinal Uses-

Skin care- Acne, Abscesses, bedsores, boils, skin regenerator, skin toner, anti inflammatory, necrosis, gangrene

Circulatory system- cardiovascular tonic, vasocoronarodilatory-spasms, arteriosclerosis and pre-infarctus

Muscles and Joints- osteoarthritis, sclerosis, rheumatism

Respiratory System- Asthma, Bronchitis, Emphysema, Chesty Coughs, Influenza, Colds

Digestive System- Enterocolitis, tropical illnesses,

Reproductive System- Peri menopause

Immune System- Bactericide, Viricide, Fungicide, Anti-Flu, Infectious Diseases

Nervous System- nerve tonic, depression, analgesic, nervous re-balancer,

Genitourinary system- Infections




Benzoin Resinoid (Styrax benzoin.)

  • Use in moderation, excessive amounts can cause drowsiness. Do not use on babies or young children.

80% Esters

2% Aldehydes

17% Oxides

Psychological Scale; balancing and soothing

Physiological Scale; sedative

            Benzoin’s key qualities are as follows; warming, anti-depressant, uplifting, comforting, soothing, elevating, stimulant, energizing and purifying.

Medicinal Uses-

Skin care- Chapped skin, Irritation, Inflammation, Cuts

Circulation- Poor circulation

Muscles and Joints- Arthritis, Gout, Rheumatism

Respiratory System- Asthma, Bronchitis, Coughs, Influenza, Laryngitis

Digestive System- Colic

Nervous System- General Stress-Related conditions, Nervous Tension

Benzoin blends well with; sandalwood, rose, jasmine, ylang ylang, frankincense, myrrh, cypress, juniper, lemon, coriander, black pepper, cinnamon leaf, clove, ginger, cardamom, juniper, and coriander



Black Pepper.(Piper Nigrum.)

* Toxic and an irritant, use in low doses only.

7% Sequisterpenes

77% Monoterpenes

Psychological Scale; uplifting

Physiological Scale; stimulating

      The key qualities of black pepper are; aphrodisiac restorative strengthening, stimulant (mental), tonic (nerve), analgesic and comforting.

Medicinal Uses-

Skin care- Chilblains

Circulation- Anemia, Poor Circulation,

Muscles and Joints- Arthritis, Muscular Aches and pains, Neuralgia, Poor Muscle Tone, Rheumatic Pain, Sprains, Stiffness

Respiratory System- catarrh

Digestive System- Colic, Constipation, Diarrhoea, Flatulence, Heartburn, loss of appetite, nausea

Immune System- Colds, Influenza, Infections, Viruses

     Black pepper blends well with; frankincense, grapefruit, marjoram, sandalwood, rosemary, lavender, coriander, ylang ylang, geranium, thyme and orange


Cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum.)

52% esters

31% Oxides

4% Monoterpenes

5% Alcohols

Psychological Scale; uplifting, balancing and soothing

Physiological Scale; stimulating and regulating


Cardamom’s main key qualities are; aphrodisiac, soothing, warming, comforting, penetrating, refreshing, uplifting and cephalic.

Medicinal Uses-

Digestive System- Anorexia, Colic, Intestinal cramps, Dyspepsia, Flatulence, Halitosis, Heartburn and Indigestion, Vomiting

Nervous System- Nervous strain and mental fatigue

    Cardamom blends well with; rose, neroli, grapefruit, orange, cedarwood, ylang ylang, frankincense, coriander, cinnamon, clove, petitgrain and bergamot.


Chamomile (Anthemis Nobilis/Matricaria chamomilla.)

  • Avoid Use in Early Pregnancy.

70% Esters

4% Sequisterpenes

10% Monoterpenes

35% Alcohols

Psychological Scale; balancing and soothing

Physiological Scale; sedative.


Chamomile can be slightly soporific or hypnotic in large doses. Chamomile’s main key qualities are; comforting, restorative, balancing, sedative, warming, relaxing and soothing.

Medicinal Uses-

Skin care- Acne, Allergies, Boils, Burns, Cuts, Chilblains, Dermatitis, Earache, Eczema, Inflammation, Insect Bites, Rashes, Sensitive Skin, Teething Pains, Toothache, Wounds

Muscles and Joints- Arthritis, Inflamed Joints, Muscular Pain, Neuralgia, Rheumatism, Sprains

Digestive System- Colic, Dyspepsia, Indigestion, Nausea

Reproductive System- Dysmenorrhea, menopausal problems, menorrhagia

Nervous System- Headache, Insomnia, Nervous tension, Migraines, Stress related complaints

Chamomile blends well with; bergamot, lavender, clary sage, geranium, jasmine, rose, neroli, frankincense, cedarwood, eucalyptus, lemon, marjoram, palma rosa and sandalwood



Cypress. (Cupressus sempervirens.)

* Avoid use if breastfeeding, or if suffering from breast cancer.

3% Sequisterpenes

Up to 77% Monoterpenes

10% Alcohols

Psychological Scale; balancing uplifting and soothing

Physiological Scale; stimulating.

The main key qualities of cypress are; refreshing, soothing, purifying, protective, relaxing, comforting, warming, restorative and reviving.

Medicinal Uses-

Skin care- Oily Skin, Perspiration (sweat regulator), Bruises and Wounds, Inflamed and Bleeding gums

Circulatory System- Varicose veins, Cellulite, Oedema, Poor Circulation, Haemorrhoids, venous decongestant,

Muscles and Joints-Muscular Cramps, Rheumatism

Respiratory System- Asthma and Bronchitis, Coughs, Whooping cough, Tracheitis, sinusitis, rhinitis

Reproductive System- Dysmenorrhea, Menopausal problems, (hot flushes) menorrhagia

Immune System- immunostimulant

Nervous System- Nervous tension, stress related conditions, nervous exhaustion,

        Cypress blends well with; cedarwood, grapefruit, sandalwood, pine, marjoram, lavender, orange, mandarin, bergamot, clary sage, juniper, lemon, cardamom, frankincense, marjoram, pine, palma rosa and petitgrain


Coriander. (Coriandrum sativum.)

  • Use in moderation as drowsiness can occur in large doses. Avoid use if suffering from breast cancer.

2% Esters

4% Ketones

9% Monoterpenes

81% Alcohols

Psychological Scale; uplifting, balancing and soothing

Physiological Scale; stimulating

Corianders key qualities are; uplifting, aphrodisiac, soporific in high doses, stimulating in small doses, comforting, warming, refreshing,    revitalizing, purifying, soothing and strengthening.

Medicinal Uses-

Circulation- Accumulation of fluids or toxins, poor circulation, haemorrhoids

Muscles and Joints- Arthritis, Gout, Muscular Aches and Pains, Rheumatism, Stiffness, Neuralgia

Digestive System- Anorexia, Colic, Dyspepsia, Diarrhoea, Flatulence, Nausea, Spasm

Immune System- Colds, Influenza, Infectious Diseases, Measles

Nervous System- Debility, Migraine and Headaches, Nervous Exhaustion, Neuralgia

   Coriander oil blends well with; clary sage, cardamom, benzoin,  bergamot, jasmine, frankincense, neroli, petitgrain, sandalwood, pine, cardamom, clove, black pepper, cinnamon, juniper, ginger, cypress, grapefruit and orange



Basil. (Ocimum basillicum.)

* Avoid use if suffering from cancer.

8% esters

7% oxides

64% alcohols

Psychological Scale; uplifting, balancing & soothing.

Physiological Scale; stimulating.

Basil’s main key qualities are; restorative,

 stupefying in excess, tonic, cephalic, 

refreshing, warming, and anti-depressant,

 clearing, uplifting, purifying and fortifying.

Medicinal Uses-

Skin care- Insect Bites, Insect repellent

Circulatory system- venous decongestant, liver decongestant, high blood pressure,

Muscles and Joints- Aches and Pains, Gout, Rheumatism, Arthritis

Respiratory System- Coughs and Colds, Bronchitis, Earaches, Sinusitis

Digestive System- Dyspepsia, Flatulence, Nausea, Gastro-intestinal spasms, digestive aid, stomach ulcers, travel sickness

Reproductive System- Cramps, Amenorrhea

Immune System-Colds, Fevers, Influenza, Infectious Diseases, Stimulates the Adrenal glands.

Nervous System- Anxiety, depression, insomnia, fatigue, Nervous tension, Headaches and Migraines, (anti-stress essence par excellence)

 Basil blends well with; bergamot, geranium, lime, clary sage, rosewood, lemon, rosemary, petitgrain, frankincense, lemongrass and thyme.



Bergamot. (Citrus bergamia.)

  • Use in moderation, can cause photosensitivity to the skin.

28% Esters

Up to 52% Monoterpenes

13% Alcohols.

Psychological Scale; balancing and soothing

Physiological Scale; regulating and stimulating.

Bergamot’s key qualities are; reviving, refreshing, anti-depressant, balancing, calming, regulating, soothing, sedative and uplifting

Medicinal Uses-

Skin care- Acne, Abscesses, Boils, Herpes Simplex, Eczema, Insect Bites, Oily Skin, Psoriasis, Scabies, Pimples, Varicose Ulcers, Wounds, Insect Repellent

Respiratory System- Halitosis, Mouth Ulcers, Sore Throat, Tonsillitis

Digestive System- Flatulence, loss of appetite

Genitourinary System- Cystitis, Leukorrhea, pruritus, thrush

Immune System- Colds, fever, Influenza, Infectious Diseases

Nervous System- anxiety, depression, stress related conditions

             Bergamot blends well with; lavender, melissa, angelica root, coriander, neroli, juniper, cypress, chamomile, geranium, clary sage, lime, orange, petitgrain, mandarin, lemongrass, lemon, ylang ylang, sandalwood, basil, coriander, lavender, cedarwood, vetiver, pine, grapefruit, marjoram, rosemary, ginger, palma rosa, patchouli, jasmine, rosewood, thyme, peppermint and frankincense.


Clove (Eugenia caryophyllata)

Main Constiuents

Aldehyde; fururol

Ester; methyl salicylate

Phenol; eugenol

Sequisterpene; caryphyllene

Terpene; pinene

Medicinal Uses-

Skin care- Acne, Athlete’s Foot, Bruises, Burns, Cuts, Toothache, Ulcers, Wounds, Insect Repellent, Dental Infections

Muscles and Joints- Arthritis, Rheumatism, Sprains, Neuralgia

Respiratory System- Asthma and Bronchitis

Digestive System- Colic, Dyspepsia, Nausea, Flatulence, Stimulates and cleanses intestinal functions, antiparasitic, antiputrefactive

Immune System- Colds, Flu, Minor Infections, antiseptic, bactericide and viricide.

Reproductive system- Uterine tonic-assists uterine dilation

Nervous system- Post-natal Depression, mental tonic and revitaliser,


Cedarwood-Atlas. (Cedrus Atlantica.)

*Do not use during pregnancy.

3% Ketones

86% Sequisterpenes

10% Alcohols.

Psychological Scale; uplifting, balancing and soothing.

Physiological Scale; stimulating and regulating.

Cedarwood is known as the ‘tree of life.” Its key qualities are; warming, aphrodisiac, grounding, uplifting, reviving, opening, tonic, elevating and comforting. Cedarwood is a sedative to the nervous system.

Medicinal Uses- Cedrus Atlantica Juniperus Virginiana

Skin care- acne, dandruff, dermatitis, eczema, fungal infections, greasy skin, hair loss, skin eruptions, and ulcers. Greasy hair, psoriasis, Insect Repellent

Muscles and Joints- Arthritis, Rheumatism

Respiratory System-Bronchitis, Catarrh, Congestion, Coughs Sinusitis

Nervous System- nervous tension and stress related conditions

Genitourinary System- cystitis, leukorrhea, pruritus

    Cedarwood blends well with rosewood, valerian, angelica root, ylang ylang, bergamot, rosemary, cypress, clary sage, lemon, lime, eucalyptus, jasmine, frankincense, juniper, neroli, patchouli, lavender, orange, ginger, pine, palma rosa, peppermint and vetiver



Cinnamon Leaf.( Cinnamomum Zeylanicum.)

Do not use during pregnancy. Possible skin irritant, use in moderation.

6% Sequisterpenes

5% Alcohols

74% Phenols

Psychological Scale; uplifting, balancing and soothing.

Physiological Scale; stimulating.


         Cinnamon’s key properties are; warming, uplifting, reviving, restorative, tonic, aphrodisiac and strengthening.

Medicinal Uses-

Skin care- Lice, Scabies, Tooth and Gum care, Warts, wasp Stings

Circulation- Poor Circulation, anaemia,

Muscles and Joints- Rheumatism, muscular tonic,

Digestive System- Anorexia, Colitis, Diarrhoea, Dyspepsia, Intestinal Infections, Sluggish Digestion, Spasms, Regularises Bowel Motions and Increases Peristalsis-Constipation, vermifuge, tropical diseases

Reproductive System- Stimulates uterine contractions, Frigidity, leukorrhea, metrorrhagia

Genitourinary System- leukorrhea,

Immune System- Chills, Colds, Influenza, Infectious Diseases, hyperthermisant

Nervous System- Debility, Nervous Exhaustion, Stress Related Conditions, nervous depression,

     Cinnamon Leaf blends well with frankincense, coriander, mandarin, orange, grapefruit and ylang ylang

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This site is run and maintained by Kylie Thompson 2005
Last updated- 20 September 2007